Dual Diagnosis with ADHD/ADD
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
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What Is ADHD?
What is Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)?It is a pattern of behaviours which usually appear in childhood. Parents and teachers notice that a child is:
- unusually over-active.
- distracted, cannot stick to anything for any length of time.
- impulsive, does things on the spur of the moment or without thinking.
- unable to concentrate for any length of time.
- How you get on with other people – or
- How you get on at work or school.
What happens as time goes on?It tends to get better as you get older, but can continue into adult life2. The over-activity usually gets less, but the impulsivity, poor concentration and risk-taking can get worse. These can make it hard to work, learn and get on with other people. It’s not surprising that adults with ADHD are more likely to experience depression, anxiety, feelings of low self-esteem and drug misuse and can feel overwhelmed and struggle in less structured environments.
How common is ADHD?Around 3-6 in every 100 school-aged children have ADHD5. For about 1 in 7 children with ADHD, their ADHD will continue into adulthood. About half will have some problems as adults, although not full ADHD6. In children, boys are more commonly diagnosed than girls, where as in adults, there are more equal numbers of men and women seen in clinics7.
How is ADHD/ADD diagnosed?
What can we done to help treat adults with ADHD/ADD?
- Find ways to make sure that you do important tasks.
- Find ways to organise your life better.
- Get self-critical thoughts into perspective, and so feel better about yourself.
- Reduce unhelpful feelings of anxiety.
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